Christianity started out as a breakaway sect of Judaism nearly 2000 years ago, 30+ CE.* Jesus, the son of Mary and her husband Joseph, believed by Christians to be conceived through the Holy Spirit, was bothered by many of the laws and practices of his native Jewish faith and began preaching a different message. During his travels he was joined by Mary Magdalene and twelve disciples who followed him in his journeys and learned from him. He reportedly performed many miracles during this time and related many of his teachings in the form of parables. Among his best known sayings are to "love thy neighbor" and "turn the other cheek." At one point he revealed that he was the Son of God sent to Earth to save humanity from sin. He was crucified on a cross for his teachings. He then 'rose from the dead' and appeared to his disciples and told them to go forth and spread his message. See Editor's note.
Since Christianity and Judaism share the same history up to the time of Jesus Christ, they are very similar in many of their core beliefs. There are two primary differences. One is that Christians believe in original sin and that Jesus died in our place to save mankind from that sin. The other is that Jesus was fully human and fully God and as the Son of God is part of the Holy Trinity: God the Father, His Son, and the Holy Spirit. All Christians believe in heaven and that those who sincerely repent their sins before God will be saved and join Him in heaven. Belief in hell and satan varies among groups and individuals.
There are a multitude of forms of Christianity which have developed either because of disagreements on dogma, adaptation to different cultures, or simply personal taste. For this reason there can be a great difference between the various forms of Christianity. These may even appear to be different religions to many people. --
"If you cannot see God in all, you cannot see God at all."
A Christian gives thanks that
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are
created equal, that they
"These foundation stones of American democracy were laid a century too late to save Mary Dyer's life. Dyer, a middle-aged mother of six, was hanged in 1660 for defying a Puritan law that banned Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The Christians who cruelly deprived this woman of Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness were dead certain (so to speak) that they were on a mission from God, protecting their "divinely ordained" civic order against Mary Dyer's seditious belief in the Inner Light.
As a spiritual descendant of Mary Dyer, I'm profoundly grateful that America is not a Christian nation. If it were, my Quaker convictions might get me into very deep oatmeal. And as a Christian who does his best to take reason as seriously as I take faith, I find impossible to understand America as a "Christian nation" -- and I believe that there are vibrant possibilities in the fact that it is not.
Whatever America's founders believed about Christianity -- and they believed a wide range of things -- they clearly rejected the idea of an established church. That's strike one against the curious conceit that we're a Christian nation.
being a Christian nation means asking ourselves every day, "What
would Jesus do?" about a political issue, then doing it, that's
strike two. To take but one example (without forgetting things like
slavery, justice for those who can afford it and peace through war):
If, as Christians believe, God is the Creator and Redeemer of All, then there's no way God favors Americans above people of other nationalities. Strike four.
a Christian, I'm passionately opposed to American pretensions that
we have special standing with God; to political office-seekers who
play on our religious differences; and to the religious arrogance
that says, "Our truth is the only truth." But I'm equally
passionate about the urgency of creating a culture of meaning that
responds to the deepest needs of the human soul. This is a task we
have been neglecting at great peril, a task that demands the best
of all our wisdom traditions, a task on which people of diverse beliefs
can and must make common cause.
Of course, we can continue to have pseudo-theological food fights over questions like, "How can we save our nation by making all Americans into God-fearing souls?," or "How can anyone be so ignorant as to believe in God or the soul?" Or we can take advantage of the fact that American democracy offers us an open space in which to pursue questions of personal, communal and political meaning, illumined by multiple sources of light.
Which will it be? That's a question worth wrapping our lives around, with gratitude for our political inheritance."
dates are given in BCE (Before Common Era) and CE (Common Era). These
years correspond to the same dates in BC and AD but by defining the
current period as the "Common Era" the nomenclature attempts
to treat all religions and beliefs as equal.
The Easter Date
In the gospel tale, there are two dates for the crucifixion: the 14th and the 15th of the
POINTS TO PONDER