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The Declaration of Independence
JULY 4, 1776


Thomas Jefferson, 1743 - 1826

The Unanimous Declaration of the
thirteen United States of America.

When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bonds which have connected them with another, and to assume, among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; (?) that, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.

Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.

Such has been the patient sufferance of these colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former systems of government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over these states. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his assent to laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

He has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his assent should be obtained; and, when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of representation in the legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for opposing, with manly firmness, his invasions on the rights of the people.

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people at large for their exercise; the state remaining, in the mean time, exposed to all the dangers of invasions from without and convulsions within.

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these states; for that purpose obstructing the laws for naturalization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions of new appropriations of lands.

He has obstructed the administration of justice, by refusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers.

He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither swarms of officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.

He has kept among us, in times of peace, standing armies, without the consent of our legislatures.

He has affected to render the military independent of, and superior to, the civil power.

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws, giving his assent to their acts of pretended legislation:

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us;

For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment for any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants of these states;

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world;

For imposing taxes on us without our consent;

For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefits of trial by jury;

For transporting us beyond seas, to be tried for pretended offenses;

For abolishing the free system of English laws in a neighboring province, establishing therein an arbitrary government, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these colonies;

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valuable laws, and altering fundamentally the forms of our governments;

For suspending our own legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out of his protection and waging war against us.

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

He is at this time transporting large armies of foreign mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation, and tyranny already begun with circumstances of cruelty and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation.

He has constrained our fellow-citizens, taken captive on the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to become the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to fall themselves by their hands.

He has excited domestic insurrection among us, and has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers the merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions.

In every stage of these oppressions we have petitioned for redress in the most humble terms; our repeated petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have we been wanting in our attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them, from time to time, of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity; and we have conjured them, by the ties of our common kindred, to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They, too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity which denounces our separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in peace friends.

We, therefore, the representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the name and by the authority of the good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and declare, that these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES; that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that all political connection between them and the state of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and that, as free and independent states, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and do all other acts and things which independent states may of right do. And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor. -- Signed by John Hancock and fifty-five others. 

The Signing of the Declaration of Independence

See The Questionable Punctuation.

Who is Thomas Jefferson?

Jefferson's Virginia Act for Establishing Religious Freedom.


The Signers
Click here for biographies.

Connecticut Signers
Roger Sherman
Samuel Huntington
William Williams
Oliver Wolcott

Delaware Signers
Caesar Rodney
George Read
Thomas McKean

Georgia Signers
Button Gwinnett
Lyman Hall
George Walton

Maryland Signers
Samuel Chase
William Paca
Thomas Stone
Charles Carrol

Massachusetts Signers
John Hancock
Samuel Adams
John Adams
Robert Treat Paine
Elbridge Gerry

New Hampshire Signers
Josiah Bartlett
William Whipple
Matthew Thornton

New Jersey Signers
Richard Stockton
John Witherspoon
Francis Hopkinson
John Hart
Abraham Clark

New York Signers
William Floyd
Philip Livingston
Francis Lewis
Lewis Morris

North Carolina Signers
William Hooper
Joseph Hewes
John Penn

Pennsylvania Signers
Robert Morris
Benjamin Rush
Benjamin Franklin
John Morton
George Clymer
James Smith
George Taylor
James Wilson
George Ross

Rhode Island Signers
Stephen Hopkins
William Ellery

South Carolina Signers
Edward Rutledge
Thomas Heyward, Jr.
Thomas Lynch, Jr.
Arthur Middleton

Virginia Signers
George Wythe
Richard Henry Lee
Thomas Jefferson
Benjamin Harrison
Thomas Nelson, Jr.
Francis Lightfoot Lee
Carter Braxton

INDEPENDENCE DAY
Go 4th and celebrate!

 

Flag History

Here, you will see the many versions of the U.S. Flags from 1775 until the present. The Confederate flag below, was used for only four years. When the Civil War ended in Appomattox, VA, and Durham, NC, all battle flags of the Southern Confederation* were folded and surrendered. BTW: These flags were all made of wool.



The First American Rebel Flag

The real American history is that the South lost, but they still are Americans, forever. The South never gained steam. Their Confederacy lasted for 4 years and that is only because English traders supplied the South with British Enfields. They took over Federal arsenals in Virginia and fired on Federal forts. They didn't withdraw from the Union peacefully.

They have corrupted American history. They rewrote the history after 1865. They called it the "lost cause"! They have gotten away with this because "racist bigotry" exist across the nation. It's a disease like cancer. I call it 'Racist Zombie Virus'!

It won't die unless we treat it with an antidotal cure. Anyone can be infected. It's time to rid the disease from the nation's flags, streets, avenues, unless they are museums or living museums like Gettysburg, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Appomattox, and so forth. Then the real history, including the flags, should be told.

The Federal Colors until after WW II were made of a blend of linen and wool or silk. After the Civil War no one much saw the red, stars and bars, rebel flag above, until it started appearing in the South in 1948, in 1954 (after Brown vs. Board of Education), again in 1962 (after the integration of Ole Miss), and again in 1967 (after Loving vs. Virginia). Flying the rebel battle flag has only one purpose. Everybody knows what that is.

People say, slavery, and the slave trade was born on ships flying the Stars and Stripes. This is true, as America inherited the legacy of Great Britain. However, the U.S. Flag has evolved through the ending of slavery, the civil rights of women, and African Americans gaining suffrage. It continued to evolve from the two World Wars, through racist acts towards Japanese Americans, the integration of the military, the birth of professional and collegiate athletics, the Civil Rights movement, and Equal Rights for LGBT. And it will continue to evolve.

The Rebel Flag still has 13 secessionist stars and still stands for only one thing.

*NOTE: The Confederate States of America, or the Confederacy, was the government created by the 11 Southern states of the United States after they seceded from the Union. The Union refused to recognize the Confederacy. Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and Alexander H. Stephens of Georgia served as president and vice president, respectively, of the Confederacy. Four other slave states—Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri—remained in the Union. The latter two were actually represented on the Confederate flag, which, like the Stars and Stripes, featured a star for every state.

All the real Confederate state and national flags are in museums. This replica belongs in a museum telling the story of "Jim Crow" and Civil Rights struggle for Freedom.

Confederate Southern Cross Flag


See Confederate Flag.

Whereas the U.S. flag has evolved. Under it good and terrible atrocities have been done towards Native People, African slaves, women, gays and lesbians. Most of the atrocities committed were under a "red, white, and blue" banner (the Union Jack).

Union Jack Flag

The difference is the U.S. flag keeps evolving. It represents the struggle for the Nation to be a more perfect union. Yes, under this U.S. flag, racism has flourished and the Confederate battle flag and the Nazi flag have been allowed to fly and people who hate have their 1st Amendment Rights.

Grand Union Flag

35 Star Flag

But under this evolution of the U.S. flag, Grand Union Flag, Independence was won, Blacks were given freedom and equality (13th Amendment, 1865). Under another U.S. flag, women fought to gain Suffrage. Under another flag (48 stars) the U.S. helped Europe and the world defeat Fascism.

48 Star Flag
1912-1958

Under a (50 star) flag, a man walked on the Moon. Under the (50 star) flag, an African American was elected two terms to live in a House built by Slaves.

50 Star Flag
1960-2015

America is always about "Change" and "Hope", whereas the 'Rebel Battle flag' is about oppression, White Supremacy, the heritage of a tribe, not the American people. This heritage is cloaked in white linen and suits, it's a secret society and secret board meetings. It represents the past and its past is nothing but ugly. -- Sat Hanuman Singh Khalsa

      

The Declaration

All About The Signers

America The Beautiful

Each Moment Is A Gift

The Questionable Punctuation

More About Thomas Jefferson

The first Thanksgiving Day Prayer

Whatever happened to the Signers

Life is like a gift they say...wrapped up for you everyday

Jefferson's Virginia Act for Establishing Religious Freedom


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